Information Transfer as a Framework for Optimized Phase Imaging
Posted on 07.04.2021 - 15:07
In order to efficiently image a non-absorbing sample (a phase object), dedicated phase contrast optics are required. Typically, these optics are designed with the assumption that the sample is weakly scattering, implying a linear relation between a sample's phase and its transmission function. In the strongly scattering, non-linear case, the standard optics are ineffective and the transfer functions used to characterize them are uninformative. We use the Fisher Information (FI) to assess the efficiency of various phase imaging schemes and to calculate an Information Transfer Function (ITF). We show that a generalized version of Zernike phase contrast is efficient given sufficient foreknowledge of the sample. We show that with no foreknowledge, a random sensing measurement yields a significant fraction of the available information. Finally, we introduce a generalized approach to common path interferometry which can be optimized to prioritize sensitivity to particular sample features. Each of these measurements can be performed using Fourier lenses and phase masks.
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Koppell, Stewart; Kasevich, Mark (2021): Information Transfer as a Framework for Optimized Phase Imaging. The Optical Society. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5301857.v2
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